- Majority attack
If you have more number of pawns on one side of the board than your
opponent, you possess a distinctive advantage. Any attack created in the
middle game using this pawn majority is called a majority attack.
The advantage is more pronounced if the majority is on the queen’s
side as the queen can actively protect advancing pawns.
The advantage weakens if the majority is on the king’s side.
Advancing pawns on the king’s side may result in exposing the king to
the opponent’s attack.
Relative strength of majority also depends on the availability of
other stronger pieces and their locations on the chess board.
Majority attack can produce effective double threats. Majority can
also be used to create a passed pawn.
- Minority attack
A minority attack in a middle game refers to an attack by a player
who has less number of pawns when compared to that of his opponent. In
that sense, minority attack is the opposite of a majority attack.
Here, the player having a minority of pawns mounts an attack to
exploit a weakness in the opponent’s pawn majority to gain an advantage.
Minority attack can be exploited if the majority pawn holder’s pawns
are immobile or locked in one column.
- Pawn structure
Pawn structure is the position of pawns on the board. As pawns can
advance only by a single square, pawn structure develops slowly on the
board. Good pawn structure will ensure a continuous threat to the
opponent and will give better mobility to stronger pieces.
Some important pawn structures are:
Has no opponent pawn in front for blocking
Threat of passed pawn to the opponent is its ability for promotion to
a higher power on reaching the eighth row
Is a pawn structure where pawns are in adjacent diagonal squares
Pawn chain protects each other
Only weak pawn in pawn chain is the one at the bottom of the chain
If a pawn chain is broken, more pawns will become vulnerable
Are pawns that are not having another pawn in the next column as
Isolated pawns are vulnerable and have no value for the player unless
it has passed